The immune system phenomenon - and what it's all about

Everything we should know about ourselves and our immune system

Cough, cold, aching limbs - bhen you read these words, youses one's a cold shiver a cold shiver down your spine, Doesn't it? As a rule we associate it with illnesses that we have to deal with in bed, unable, anyetdo anything. Is this hell on earth come true?? Maybe. What many of us do not know: It is not the pathogens that cause the symptoms symptoms described above symptoms described above and the the body. It is the own defence system, that against them and fights and fights.
This is actually a good sign! This is how we know that our body is acting, our defence mechanism is perfectly intact and is freeing us from pathogens. So it's time to turn the tables., to upfnoses and our immune system and our immune system! Read here about how the immune system workswhats it does all it has to don has to do and why it can sometimes be flawed.

Woman oranges strong

The immune system - what cogs it needs to keep the internal clock ticking

Basically, it's very simple: our defence system is there to protect the organism from foreign influences such as bacteria or viruses. However, in order for this to function continuously, a number of processes are necessary. To understand these, we need to take a deeper look into the matter. The immune system is at work 24/7 and thus protects us on most days from quite a few disease processes that want to weaken us and want to and can weaken us. Every now and then, however, it is not so easy to keep certain pathogens away from our organism, so that we are involved in the working process of our body's own defences. We notice it in the form of reactions such as coughs, colds, headaches or even fever.

The immune system consists to some extent of (partial) organs, but an even larger proportion consists of cells. The messenger substances in our bodies The messenger substances of our bodies represent a central point in order to be able to guarantee the functioning of the immune system. Essential components are already Skin and mucous membranesmucous membranes, i.e. throat, nose and evenr The first defence reactions take place there, because pathogens can gain quick access to these areas. We continue with the lymph nodes. You may remember your last visit to the doctor when the cold knocks on the door or has already entered the house. has already entered the house. As a rule, the lymph nodes are also palpated during the examination, usually those that are located below the jaw in the Throatarea neck area. Because Lymph nodes and pathways play an important role in the structure of our immune system: they generate antibodies that the "body police" need and form transport pathways for them and for the defence cells. The spleen, for example, stores these defence cells and the bone marrow develops most of them into mature T cells. Also our four tonsils contain defence cells that potentially make antibodies. The thymus, a gland located between our lungs, has a crucial responsibility; T-cells (i.e. defence cells) find their immunological imprint in it and are thus completed. Dhe most important cells for our immune system are various white blood cells, for example macrophages, monocytes, granulocytes, and also B and T lymphocytes.

Woman stretching her arms out of the sun

The immune system also makes mistakes - but why?

First of all, it is important to realise what our immune system can do. That it works like Swiss clockwork, protects us from possible dangers on a continuous basis and in many cases is successful in doing so. Therefore, we should not panic when we talk about the fact that the immune system is also prone to "human error" and does not always act smoothly. It can do many things, but not everything. A weakened immune system, for example, can lead to a weakened appearance of the body's own police force. There are many reasons for this: On the one hand, it can be congenital immunodeficiencies or diseases that strongly influence the immune system, such as HIV infections, glandular fever or diabetes. Drugs can also affect our immune system, such as chemotherapies for cancer treatment, medicines for rheumatism or those used after transplantation. On the other hand, there are many autoimmune diseases that some people have heard of; the best known is probably lupus erythematosus, in which the immune system works against its own structure. As with all other autoimmune diseases, lupus is an error in the immune system that can explain why it occurs. Allergies also affect us - how does this happen? In a way, the immune system, for all its efficiency, exaggerates. You become an allergy sufferer when your body starts to develop IgE antibodies as a result of this exaggeration. This is how well-known allergies to rye, grasses and the like develop. So it can be said that the human body has a lot going for it and we can basically be happy about it, because it often makes our lives easier in its own cycle without us noticing. We can also support it from the outside, for example by eating well and taking care of ourselves. Fun fact: Statistically, Germans have a distanced relationship with fruit. The average per capita consumption is between 62.5 and 70 kg, which is relatively low. And this despite the fact that fruit can work like magic on the immune system: It contains the essential vitamins A, C and E, which are immensely beneficial to the body. It's not for nothing that they say "An apple a day keeps the doctor away! So treat yourself to a bowl of fresh fruit salad every now and then or enjoy your favourite fruit as a snack between meals - your body will certainly thank you. The heat Physiotherms can also be called an immune pusher. Why? More about that soon ... 

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